Your OBGYN treats a number of common gynecological conditions, including irregular vaginal bleeding. It’s a concern that can be related to anything from stress, chronic conditions, or reproductive problems. Learn the common causes of irregular bleeding in gynecology, and how you can get your menstrual cycle back to normal.
Irregular Vaginal Bleeding
In their reproductive years, women menstruate about every 28 days as the uterine lining sheds itself. The bleeding is often moderate to heavy during the first couple of days, then tapers off during the next few days. A normal menstrual cycle lasts up to a week. If the process does not repeat every 28 days or so, or a cycle is missed, or the flow of blood is too heavy or too light, that is considered irregular bleeding. Additional symptoms may include poor mood, problems sleeping, and sharp abdominal pains.
You should talk to your OBGYN if your menstrual cycle starts to change or becomes irregular. Irregular bleeding can be caused by one or more of the following factors:
Certain medications (including birth control pills).
Endometriosis (tissue that’s supposed to be inside of the uterus grows on the outside).
Stress and lifestyle.
Blood clotting disorders.
Polycystic ovary syndrome (a hormonal problem).
Pelvic inflammatory disease (an infection usually caused by an STD).
Uterine fibroids (benign growths in the uterus).
Cervical or uterine cancer.
Chronic medical conditions (not necessarily related to the reproductive system).
Treatments for Irregular Bleeding
In some cases, irregular bleeding resolves on its own. For instance, if the irregularity is related to stress, de-stressing activities may help, like light exercise, dietary changes, or bed rest. If the problem is your birth control, your gynecologist will discuss other birth control options. If it’s related to another gynecological condition, the treatment may require an ultrasound and further testing. In more serious cases, surgery may be necessary.
See Your OBGYN
Schedule a visit to your OBGYN if you’re experiencing irregular bleeding. It could an easily treatable issue that your gynecologist can resolve with medications or a minor procedure.
How your gynecologist in Grapevine, TX, can help you feel better
Are you struggling with pain below the belly button in the lower abdomen? If you experience this pelvic pain infrequently, it could be a completely normal sign of ovulation or menstruation. However, if you are experiencing chronic pelvic pain, it could be a sign of a more serious condition.
Fortunately, your gynecologist is an expert at diagnosing and treating pelvic pain. Dr. Miriam Torres of Serenity Gynecology & Functional Medicine in Grapevine, TX, can help you feel better.
More about pelvic pain
There are many different types of pelvic pain. Pain can be sharp and occur suddenly, or you may experience a dull ache that starts out gradually, becoming worse over time. Pelvic pain can be a symptom of:
- Menstruation or ovulation
- Bladder conditions including interstitial cystitis
- Cystitis or a urinary tract infection
- Gonorrhea, chlamydia, or other STD
- Pelvic inflammatory disease or endometriosis
- Ectopic pregnancy or appendicitis
- Pelvic adhesions or uterine fibroids
- Ovarian cysts, tumors, or cancer
If you are experiencing severe pelvic pain or pain that has changed in severity, you should seek out help from your gynecologist. You should also visit your gynecologist if you are experiencing pelvic pain along with:
- Unexpected vaginal bleeding
Your gynecologist will record your medical history, your symptoms, and perform a comprehensive medical examination, including a pelvic exam. Your gynecologist may also recommend imaging including a pelvic ultrasound to help determine what is causing your pelvic pain. Laboratory testing including blood and urine tests may be recommended, as well.
Concerned? Give us a call
To learn more about the causes and treatment of pelvic pain, call Dr. Miriam Torres of Serenity Gynecology & Functional Medicine in Grapevine, TX, at (817) 280-9616. Call now, and feel better!
If this is your first pregnancy you may certainly feel like you’re in uncharted territory. There are so many unknowns as you reach 40 weeks and your OBGYN is going to be a crucial part of guiding you throughout this journey into motherhood. An OBGYN will provide you with care, treatment, checkups, and support along the way. One question you may be asking yourself is: Can I exercise while pregnant?
The simple answer is that yes, exercise is part of maintaining a healthy pregnancy. It can help boost your energy and mood, especially during the earlier months when you may be feeling a bit tired and sluggish. Working out can even alleviate aches and pains throughout your pregnancy. In fact, regular physical activity could even be key to preventing gestational diabetes.
If you were working out prior to becoming pregnant then there is no reason why you shouldn’t be able to continue working out; however, some things will need to change. While you may wish to workout at the same intensity and level you had been, your body is going through a lot of changes. Low-impact aerobic exercise such as walking or even swimming may be recommended by an OBGYN over high-intensity training.
What if you were a dedicated Crossfitter, HIIT queen, or marathon-running champ before getting pregnant? If you are a serious athlete, it’s even more important that your obstetrician works with you to create a training and workout program that will help you maintain what you’ve worked hard for while also being safe for both you and baby. This is particularly important for women who are personal trainers or professional athletes.
Starting Exercise While Pregnant
If you haven’t been working out prior to becoming pregnant you may want to take up a more regular exercise regimen to maintain good health throughout your pregnant. Before starting a new workout routine it’s important to consult your OBGYN. It’s important that you start out with slow, easy activities like a brisk walk through the neighborhood. You wouldn’t go from not being active to suddenly tackling a Warrior Run, so you certainly don’t want to do it when you’re pregnant, either. Err on the conservative side when choosing workouts to do while pregnant, especially if you are new to regular exercise. Your OBGYN can provide you with a list of pregnancy-approved exercises.
How Much Exercise is Enough?
Most pregnant women will reap the benefits of exercise if they participate in moderate exercise for at least 30 minutes a day most days of the week, as recommended by the American Academy of Obstetrics and Gynecology. Of course, if you have any health problems such as heart disease or asthma, it’s extremely important that you talk with your OBGYN before you start any workout routine.
Workouts to avoid include any contact sports, exercises that could lead to falls or abdominal injuries, as well as exercising in extreme weather conditions. If you have questions about exercise during pregnant, talk with your OBGYN today.
Did you know that cervical cancer is the fourth most common cancer for women worldwide? While this statistic can be startling the good news is that it is one of the most preventable cancers. A cervical cancer screening is one of the best and most reliable tools our OBGYN has to detect cancerous and precancerous cells within the cervix. This screening is most often referred to as a Pap test.
What is a Pap test?
Women as young as 21 years old should start getting routine cervical cancer screenings from their OBGYN. If results from the first Pap smear are normal then women between the ages of 21 to 29 will only need to get a Pap test every three years. Women with an abnormal Pap will require a repeat Pap test to look for the presence of precancerous cells.
Women between the ages of 30 to 65 should get a cervical cancer screening every 5 years. Once a woman reaches 65 years old, she usually won’t need to undergo cervical cancer screenings any longer. Women at high risk for cervical cancer may need to come in more often for screenings. This is something that you can discuss with your gynecologist during your first screening or next annual wellness exam.
Are there other ways to prevent cervical cancer?
Along with getting routine cervical cancer screenings your OBGYN can also provide a way to protect young women from contracting HPV, a common STI that is also the leading cause of cervical cancer. The HPV vaccine is often recommended for young women around the age of 11 or 12.
This vaccine can be administered to women between the ages of 13 and 26 who have not contracted HPV. The vaccine comes in three doses and it protects against the strains of HPV that are most likely to cause cervical cancer. Even if women have received the HPV vaccine they should still come in for routine screenings and checkups.
Whether you want to learn more about the HPV vaccine or you need to schedule your annual checkup and Pap smear, turn to your OBGYN today to take an active interest in your reproductive health.
Dr. Miriam Torres of Serenity Gynecology & Functional Medicine in Grapevine, TX, provides patients with much needed gynecological medical care. A gynecologist has a very important role in supplying women with the medical care they need.
Here are a few important services Dr. Torres provides patients:
Annual Exams: An annual exam is key to ensuring good health. The most important reason for an annual gynecological exam is to diagnose abnormalities in their early stages to begin treatment as soon as possible.
Pap Smear: This is sometimes called a cervical smear and is a routine in-office screening done using a tool called a spatula. The procedure takes a few minutes and is meant to test for pre-cancerous conditions.
Contraception: Also known as birth control, the importance of your Grapevine gynecologist is to help educate patients with different contraceptive options:
- Intrauterine devices (IUD): This is an efficient removable birth control placed in the uterus.
- Hormonal Birth Control: There are many hormonal birth control methods-- patches, implants, injections and pills-- that prevent fertilization.
- Barrier Methods: Barrier methods include condoms, diaphragms and sponges that prevent sperm from entering the uterus.
Sexually transmitted diseases (STI): STI screening detects sexually transmitted diseases and is not usually a part of regular medical checkups, which means it's important to set up a separate appointment with your doctor.
Apart from checkups and tests, your gynecologist plays an important role in diagnosing and treating various illnesses, including:
- Pelvic pain
- Ovarian cysts
- Uterine fibroids
- Menstrual disorders
- Urinary tract infection
- Polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS)
- Vaginal skin disorders
- Post-menopausal issues
- Pelvic floor disorders
- Pre-cancerous lesions
- Sexually transmitted diseases
There are several reasons to visit your gynecologist. Dr. Torres plays a key role in helping patients maintain a healthy life. If you'd like to know more of what she has to offer at her Grapevine, TX, office, Serenity Gynecology & Functional Medicine, then give her a call at (817) 280-9616 today.
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